Ban smoking Cigarettes has brought an opportunity to reform the tobacco industry
The China National Tobacco Corporation as soon as possible with the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau phase separation, the China National Tobacco Corporation changed from SASAC central enterprises managed by the State Council, the SASAC to fulfill the responsibilities of investor representatives, Newports tobacco companies cancel the administrative level, remodeling The tobacco industry’s role as a market economy subject. At the same time, it should strengthen tobacco control regulation, in order to promote enterprise technological progress, innovation or a harmless alternative to cigarettes.
Price cigarettes is moving upscale liquor footsteps. Spring Festival approaching, the Beijing market price cigarette prices have been cut, a multi-Yellow Crane Tower · 1916 fell nearly 20 thousand in the past. By the end of 2013, the CPC Central Committee and State Council issued the “leading cadres to take the lead on matters related to smoking in public places of the notice” (the “Notice”), the notice is called the history of the most stringent tobacco control person of the smoking ban. The smoking ban is carrying out the “eight provisions” another anti-corruption measures. With the “power addiction” is checked, high-grade cigarette price “plunge” to the monopoly of the tobacco industry an opportunity to bring reform.
Currently, public spending accounted for the bulk of sales of high-end cigarettes, tobacco has become astronomical corruption cases “twin brother.” The “notice” on the smoking behavior of officials from the previous limit rises to prohibit. “Notice” that a small number of leading cadres smoking in public places, not only endanger the public environment and public health, but also damages the image of the party and government organs and leading cadres, resulting in adverse effects. “Notice” requirement, the official activities of the party and government organs at all levels of non-smoking. Organizers shall not provide official activities of tobacco products, official participants shall smoke, a smoke, smoking cessation advice. Do not use public funds to pay for the use of tobacco or a disguised consumer spending.
As early as 2003, China formally signed a global “Framework Convention on Tobacco Control”, according to the agreement China should implement all indoor smoking in public places, such as 100 percent in 2011, the Ministry of Health and some cities during the introduction of the relevant laws and regulations, but implementation not ideal. Some leading cadres in public places and workplaces, “puff”, no one dared to discourage, let alone punished, and this undoubtedly weakened the execution of tobacco control.
Convention on Tobacco Control signed 10 years, the global Cheap Newport Cigarettes tobacco product sales fell 10%, but China’s tobacco sales rose by 41.8%. To smoke nominal spending public funds conference fees, food expenses, office supplies fee to become a major consumer of tobacco push hands. Government should be the implementation of tobacco control who has become a big tobacco consumption.
Officials smoking and public health in addition to their own harm, but also played a very good “role model”, resulting in “a somewhat good, the next will be very Yan” phenomenon. Currently the number of smokers in China accounted for 1/3 of the world, there are 350 million smokers and passive smokers of more than 700 million each year due to smoking causes over one million deaths. At present, China has become the world’s largest tobacco producer, consumer and victim.
The “notice” dare to officials, “the real thing”, the history of tobacco control in China is significant and will help promote China’s tough tobacco control process, and further promote the reform of the tobacco industry. According to media reports, with the “notice” of the introduction, where also follow up the implementation. Wei also said the State Planning Commission, will cooperate with relevant departments to promote the national public smoking ban legislation, and actively carry out research and drafting legislation, and promote the process of China’s tobacco control legislation.
For a long time, China’s tobacco control department is always in a weak position wholesale cigarettes , in accordance with the requirements of the “Framework Convention on Tobacco Control,” China’s commitment to the realization of all indoor workplaces in the January 9, 2011, indoor public places, public transport, 100 percent non-smoking, but so far this a commitment not honored. The reason, in addition to the leading cadres of inadequate attention to factors such as tobacco control, the more important reason is that tobacco brings a huge amount of fiscal revenue, administrative monopoly of the tobacco industry makes it difficult to be broken, become an obstacle on tobacco control system.
Chinese tobacco monopoly system is still in place today. In the tobacco monopoly system, the tobacco industry Zhengqigeyi. For example, the China National Tobacco Corporation hung two signs, one called the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau, one called China National Tobacco Corporation. Formally, the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau to conduct a comprehensive tobacco monopoly administration; China National Tobacco Corporation is responsible for the tobacco industry, production, supply, human, financial, foreign trade business. But in fact, “a set of institutions two brands.” China National Tobacco Corporation as Zhengqigeyi deformity enterprise, at present, not in the central rate of the column SASAC management. The tobacco industry this witch hunt, administrative monopoly drawbacks, comparing the pre-reform railway sector counterparts.
Zhengqibufen Chinese tobacco industry, easily lead to the absence of government regulation, making tobacco control policy formulation, implementation is difficult to advance; also easily evolve into bartering platform and a hotbed of corruption. Secondly, in the face of such high taxes on tobacco products, under the tax system, local governments often become the umbrella of local tobacco companies, the tobacco monopoly hinder the pretext of smoke into the field, even at the cost of public funds to promote the consumption of local government to promote the sale of local tobacco .
So, whether it is to promote tobacco control or prevent corruption, we need to break this witch hunt as soon as the tobacco industry, the monopoly system monopoly. Third Plenary Session of eighteen that “make the market play a decisive role in allocating resources”, which gives a clear direction to deepen the reform of the tobacco industry. In addition, after the Third Plenum, the Central Organization Department cadre assessment standards improved, no longer “GDP Heroes” in the past by tobacco brought “GDP on nicotine”, is expected to be curbed.
Currently, the SAC is leading the development of “deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises guidance,” tobacco monopoly system faces reform. The China National Tobacco Corporation as soon as possible with the State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau phase separation, the China National Tobacco Corporation changed from SASAC central enterprises managed by the State Council, the SASAC to fulfill the responsibilities of investor representatives, tobacco companies cancel the administrative level, remodeling The tobacco industry’s role as a market economy subject. At the same time, it should strengthen Buy Cigarettes Online tobacco control regulation, in order to promote enterprise technological progress, innovation or a harmless alternative to cigarettes.